1- The Revelation to Nuh concerning what would happen to the People and the Command to prepare for It
2- The beginning of the Flood and Nuh loads Every Creature in Pairs upon the Ship
They said: “O Nuh! You have disputed with us and much have you prolonged the dispute with us, now bring upon us what you threaten us with, if you are of the truthful.”
Nuh ‘alayhissalam disputed with his people for a good cause; he knew he was calling them to the truth and guidance and was not propagating his own personal agendas nor was he trying to shove false claims at them. This sort of dispute is commendable in Islam, Allah says in the Surah Al Nahl “Invite to the Way of your Lord with wisdom and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better…”
He said: “Only Allah will bring it (the punishment) on you, if He will, and then you will escape not.
“And my advice will not profit you, even if I wish to give you good counsel, if Allah’s Will is to keep you astray. He is your Lord! and to Him you shall return.”
Does guidance ever benefit a person if Allah has already written misguidance for them?Misguidance cannot ever be attributed to Allah. Instead, He has created the world with two distinct paths and tests His slaves thereby, those who willingly take the path of misguidance after seeing and hearing the proofs have chosen the path for themselves. This was the case with Nuh ‘alayhissalam’s people. They rejected the signs and the words of advice and persisted in arrogance.
And it was inspired to Nuh: “None of your people will believe except those who have believed already. So be not sad because of what they used to do.
After Nuh prayed to Allah to destroy the disbelievers, Allah told him that He has now sealed the hearts of his people and the doors have been closed. Nuh ‘alayhissalam stopped calling to the people at that point and took on the next task that Allah gave him. He gave them a chance to accept the truth for over 900 years, but once He took it away, hope was lost.
“And construct the ship under Our Eyes and with Our Inspiration, and address Me not on behalf of those who did wrong; they are surely to be drowned.”
Now Allah tells him to build an ark on top of the mountain. Nuh ‘alayhissalam was not a carpenter and he had divine help from Allah who made the wood and building materials easy for him to acquire and use. Just the construction of the ark was a miracle in itself! It survived the greatest flood ever.
And as he was constructing the ship, whenever the chiefs of his people passed by him, they made a mockery of him. He said: “If you mock at us, so do we mock at you likewise for your mocking.
“And you will know who it is on whom will come a torment that will cover him with disgrace and on whom will fall a lasting torment.”
Every time the chiefs would pass by they would laugh at him and say, “You became a carpenter while you were a Prophet a while ago!” They scoffed at him because they had no rainfall or sources of water around; he was building the ark on dry land! That is a display of sheer determination and obedience of Nuh ‘alayhissalam to Allah; he continued working without questioning. Nuh ‘alayhissalam did not respond to their mockery and told them that the tides will turn and they will see the truth plainly.