Reflections from Surah Hud: 97-123


Bismillah

Quran, Surah Hud, Ayat 103

Indeed in that there is a sure lesson for those who fear the torment of the Hereafter. That is a Day whereon mankind will be gathered together, and that is a Day when all will be present.

Quran, Surah Hud, Ayat 104

And We delay it only for a term (already) fixed.

After narrating all these stories to us, He tells us that there are lessons in them for people who fear the Day of Judgement. These people were caught in disobedience, they were warned against it, some gave in and they were saved, while some persisted and they were punished. And on that Day, there will be a clear distinction them. And then He describes it to be a Day on which ALL THE PEOPLE, the first of them and the last of them, will be gathered for Judgement.

Quran, Surah Hud, Ayat 105

On the Day when it comes, no person shall speak except by His (Allah’s) Leave. Some among them will be wretched and (others) blessed.

This verse is probably the most heart-wrenching of all. We’re all in the pursuit of happiness, and here we have it summed up perfectly. First of all, “Shaqy” is a person who has fled from the crowd, is lost and misguided, disowned and unhappy. This will be the state of the disbelieving sinner. As for the believers, Allah calls them the happy ones. “Sa’eed”, is a derivative from the word “Sa’ada” which is happiness. A person who has reached ultimate self-peace and satisfaction, is utterly blessed and has nothing to worry about. That’s one reason the pursuit of happiness in the Dunya is VAIN and useless. You’ll never be relieved from one situation except that you’ll be tested with another. Then there’s the neutral situations in which there is no happiness nor misery, it’s just a test of your patience in waiting. But its amazing to realize that after all this, it will be either be ultimate happiness or ultimate torture.

  ولست أرى السّعادةَ جمعَ مالٍ

 ولكنّ التقيّ هو السَّعيدُ

Quran, Surah Hud, Ayat 106

As for those who are wretched, they will be in the Fire, sighing in a high and low tone.

 Ibn ‘Abbas said, “Az-Zafir is a sound in the throat and Ash-Shahiq is a sound in the chest. This means that their exhaling will be Zafir and their inhaling will Shahiq.” This will be their state because of the ever-lasting torment.

Quran, Surah Hud, Ayat 107

They will dwell therein for all the time that the heavens and the earth endure, except as your Lord wills. Verily, your Lord is the doer of what He wills.

It was the custom of the Arabs that when they wanted to describe something that will last for a long time, they would say, “as long as the heavens and earth endure”, so Allah addresses them in a way that they are familiar with. They will be suffering an eternal torment, except some of them when they are interceded for by the intercessors, if Allah wills. 

Quran, Surah Hud, Ayat 108

And those who are blessed, they will be in Paradise, abiding therein for all the time that the heavens and the earth endure, except as your Lord will, a gift without an end.

As for the believers, they will be rewarded after the strife, a reward that will be eternal and everlasting through the Mercy of Allah. Death will die.

The Messenger of Allah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “Death will be brought in the form of a handsome ram (on the Day of Judgement) and it will be slaughtered between Paradise and the Hellfire. Then, it will be said, “O people of Paradise! Eternity and no death! O people of Hellfire! Eternity and no death!” (Bukhari and Muslim)

Quran, Surah Hud, Ayat 109

So be not in doubt as to what these men worship. They worship nothing but what their fathers worshipped before (them). And verily, We shall repay them in full their portion without any loss.

When it comes to the mushrikeen of Makkah, there’s so much to consider and think about. They were so, so adamant against accepting the message despite knowing its truthfulness because of tradition and rank. They merely mimicked their fathers in idol-worship and arrogance, despite knowing that these idols never, ever benefited them, nor averted any calamity from them.  

Quran, Surah Hud, Ayat 110

Indeed, We gave the Book to Musa, but differences arose therein, and had it not been for a Word that had gone forth before from your Lord, the case would have been judged between them, and indeed they are in grave doubt concerning it (this Qur’an).

Quran, Surah Hud, Ayat 111

And verily, to each of them your Lord will repay their works in full. Surely, He is All-Aware of what they do.

Then Allah reminds the Messenger of Allah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam that revelations were given to Musa ‘alayhissalam but his people differed, thus comforting the Messenger of Allah and showing him an example in the messengers before him. The word “Kalimah” here means that people will never be destroyed until the proof of receiving the warnings has been established against them.

Quran, Surah Hud, Ayat 112

So stand (ask Allah to make) you firm and straight (on the religion of Islamic Monotheism) as you are commanded and those (your companions) who turn in repentance (unto Allah) with you, and transgress not (Allah’s legal limits). Verily, He is All-Seer of what you do.

The Sahaba radhiallahu ‘anhum once said to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, “Oh Messenger of Allah, your hair has turned gray.” He said, “Indeed, (surah) Hud and its sisters have turned my hair gray.” He meant Surah al Waqiah, Surah al Naba’ and Surah al Takweer, because of the heavy verses they convey. The command to remain firm and strong on the path of goodness is a stressful command, and its half of victory against the enemy. Transgression against the limits of Allah has also been stressed, because it leads to nothing but destruction for the transgressor, and to the transgressed.

Quran, Surah Hud, Ayat 113

And incline not toward those who do wrong, lest the Fire should touch you, and you have no protectors other than Allah, nor you would then be helped .

Quran, Surah Hud, Ayat 114

 And perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), at the two ends of the day and in some hours of the night [i.e. the five compulsory Salat (prayers)]. Verily, the good deeds remove the evil deeds (i.e. small sins). That is a reminder (an advice) for the mindful (those who accept advice)

Quran, Surah Hud, Ayat 115

And be patient; verily, Allah loses not the reward of the good-doers.

There are three commands here: 

1- Not to compromise with those who do wrong, nor to seek assistance from them because they will not help except in wrongdoing, and those actions will leave them far from Allah’s aid and mercy

2- To be wary of the obligatory prayers with the firm belief that deeds of disobedience followed quickly be deeds of obedience are signs of sincere repentance, 

3- To be patient in obedience, against disobedience, and with the Decree of Allah

A perfect set of final reminders as the Surah closes…

Quran, Surah Hud, Ayat 116

 If only there had been among the generations before you, persons having wisdom, prohibiting (others) from Al-Fasad (disbelief, polytheism, and all kinds of crimes and sins) in the earth, except a few of those whom We saved from among them. Those who did wrong pursued the enjoyment of good things of (this worldly) life, and were Mujrimun (criminals, disbelievers in Allah, polytheists, sinners, etc.).

COMMAND THE GOOD AND FORBID THE EVIL. There was only a small number of people in the past generations who did this, and they were those who were saved by Allah from His anger. As for those who persisted in injustice and evil, they met their end.

Quran, Surah Hud, Ayat 117

And your Lord would never destroy the towns wrongfully, while their people were right-doers.

The punishments never reached them until the messengers were sent to and the proofs were established. 

Quran, Surah Hud, Ayat 118

And if your Lord had so willed, He could surely have made mankind one Ummah [nation or community (following one religion only i.e. Islam)], but they will not cease to disagree,-

Quran, Surah Hud, Ayat 119

Except him on whom your Lord has bestowed His Mercy (the follower of truth – Islamic Monotheism) and for that did He create them. And the Word of your Lord has been fulfilled (i.e. His Saying): “Surely, I shall fill Hell with jinns and men all together.

This verse establishes the reality that people will always differ in creed, beliefs and religion. Just the words “la yazaaloon mukhtalifeen…” are enough for anyone to wonder about these disagreements that no one, and I mean no one, is safe from in our lives today. You may notice a person who has finally started practicing, and he’s susceptible to blindly following these groups that have broken out like loose cattle in the Muslim Ummah. And all help is sought from Allah… to join our ranks and bring us back to the position we held, and to bring forth from among us the likes of Abu Bakr, ‘Umar, ‘Uthman and ‘Ali radhiallahu ‘anhum and all the companions of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, thus leading us to the Mercy of Allah, and the Mercy of Allah is nothing less than Jannah.

The Messenger of Allah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “Paradise and the Hellfire debated. Paradise said, `None will enter me except the weak and despised of the people.’ The Hell- fire said, `I have inherited the haughty and the arrogant people.’ Then Allah said to the Paradise, `You are My mercy and I grant mercy with you to whoever I wish.’ Then He said to the Hellfire, `You are My torment and I take vengeance with you upon whoever I wish. I will fill each one of you.’ However, the Paradise will always have more bounties, to such an extent that Allah will create more creatures to dwell in it and enjoy its extra bounties. The Hellfire will continue saying, `Are there anymore (to enter me),’ until the Lord of might places His Foot over it. Then it (Hell) will say, “Enough, enough, by Your might!” (Bukhari and Muslim)

Quran, Surah Hud, Ayat 120

And all that We relate to you of the news of the Messengers is in order that We may make strong and firm your heart thereby. And in this (chapter of the Qur’an) has come to you the truth, as well as an admonition and a reminder for the believers.

“Allah says, “We relate all of these stories to you (Muhammad) concerning what happened with the Messengers who came before you with their nations. This is an explanation of what transpired in their arguments and disputes and how the Prophets were all rejected and harmed. These stories also explain how Allah helped His party of believers and disgraced His enemies, the disbelievers. We relate all of this to you (Muhammad) in order to make your heart firm and so that you may take an example from your brothers who passed before you of the Messengers.” (TAFSIR IBN KATHIR) 

How many times have we repeated to ourselves in reassuring whispers the Promise of Allah to His faithful believers that victory is for the pious and the patient?

This Surah is a manifestation of the Promise of Allah; it is a manifestation of Allah’s wisdom, and the fruits of true reliance from a sincere slave.

The way of Allah is that before victory He gives us hope through His Book. It is our direct connection to our Creator, the One in Whose Hands are our souls, and the One Who has full control over our hearts. 

 It was a reminder to the Messenger of Allah that there were messengers before him that went through adversities in pursuit of this truth, and he sallalahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was a part of that brotherhood of messengers. Messengers who were appointed by Allah to deliver His message were susceptible to these human emotions and weaknesses and Allah s.w.t comforted and consoled them through the Quran. Undoubtedly, the Quran remedies sadness and loneliness.

Beautiful stories of steadfastness, success, justice, patience, and the true essence of trusting Allah mark these Surahs.

Quran, Surah Hud, Ayat 121

And say to those who do not believe: “Act according to your ability and way, We are acting (in our way).

Quran, Surah Hud, Ayat 122

And you wait ! We (too) are waiting.”

Quran, Surah Hud, Ayat 123

And to Allah belongs the Ghaib (unseen) of the heavens and the earth, and to Him return all affairs (for decision). So worship Him and put your trust in Him. And your Lord is not unaware of what you (people) do.”

Both groups are doing what they were created to do, and both are waiting for the final Judgement. Those were wrong will meet justice as will those who were right, and Allah is the source of strength and protection. 

                             ********************************************************************************************

This is what I was able to gather from the benefits in this Surah, and I’m more than just convinced that it isn’t even half of the treasures within it. 

اللهم علمني منه ما جهلت و ذكرني منه ما نسيت

-The Sahara Bloggers (Umm Saifullah)

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One thought on “Reflections from Surah Hud: 97-123

  1. Very Nice Post…i like it 🙂
    Quran is the best way to teach all humankinds about islam. Most Muslims do know the basic teachings of Islam such as the 5 important pillars, the way of performing salah, Islamic rituals and few more but Islam is not restricted to only these basic things.
    Here is my new blog about Online Quran Learning….
    Specailly invite you to like and follow my blog and also share it 🙂
    http://onlineislamicacademy.wordpress.com/2014/02/24/save-time-and-enroll-for-online-quran-tutoring/

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