Part five of lessons in ‘Aqeedah
دروس عقدية مستفادة من الحج
Excerpts from The Teachings of Hajj by Abdul Razzaq ibn Abdul Muhsin
The day of ‘Arafah is certainly a tremendous day; a blessed day chosen by Allah, an immense gathering of goodness, eman, taqwa, and a grand occasion of worship and obedience to Allah. A day when many tears are shed and prayers pour forth in succession, one after the next; an abundance of mercy descends, and mistakes and errors are pardoned. It is a day of hope, devotion and humility.
It is the day on which Allah perfected the religion for this Ummah and completed His favor upon them, as it was on this day that Allah revealed,
الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا ۚ
This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion. (Surah Al Maidah)
Nothing about the permissible or prohibited was revealed after it.
Tariq ibn Shihab stated,
جاء رجل من اليهود إلى عمر، فقال: يا أمير المؤمنين! آية فى كتابكم تقرءونها لو علينا نزلت معشر اليهود لاتخذنا ذلك اليوم عيدا!
قال: وأي آية؟! قال: اليوم أكملت لكم دينكم وأتممت عليكم نعمتي ورضيت لكم الإسلام دينا.
فقال عمر: إني لأعلم اليوم الذي نزلت فيه، والمكان الذي نزلت فيه، نزلت على رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- بعرفات في يوم جمعة.
A Jew said to ‘Umar: You recite a verse which, if it had been revealed in relation to us, we would have taken that day as the day of rejoicing. Thereupon ‘Umar said: I know where it was revealed and on the day when it was revealed and where Allah’s Messenger sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam had been at that time when it was revealed. It was revealed on the day of ‘Arafah (ninth of Dhu’l Hijjah) and Allah’s Messenger sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam had been staying in ‘Arafat. (Bukhari and Muslim)
‘Aishah radhiallahu ‘anha narrated that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said,
ما من يوم أكثر من أن يعتق الله فيه عبدا من النار من يوم عرفة، وإنه ليدنو ثم يباهى بهم الملائكة فيقول: ما أراد هؤلاء؟
There is no day in which Allah sets free more souls from the fire of hell than on the day of Arafah. And on that day Allah draws near to the earth and by way of exhibiting His Pride remarks to the angels, ‘What is the desire of these (servants of mine)?” (Saheeh Muslim)
‘Abdul Barr said, “This shows that they have been forgiven, since He does not speak proudly about sinful people except after they repent and are forgiven.”
Fasting on this day has enormous benefits. It was reported from Abu Qatadah that a man said:
سئل رسول الله-صلى الله عليه وسلم- عن صوم يوم عرفة فقال: يكفر السنة الماضية والباقية
“O Messenger of Allah, what do you think of fasting on the day of Arafat?”
He said: “It expiates for the sins of the previous year and of the coming year.”
The fasting is Mustahabb (desirable, recommended) for those who are not on Hajj, but it is not a Sunnah for those who are because the Messenger of Allah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam did not fast while he was at ‘Arafah.
Al Fudayl ibn ‘Iyaad stood at ‘Arafah and saw the people sobbing and weeping during the afternoon and he remarked, “Do you think if all of these people went to a man and asked him for a Daaniq (a small coin), he would refuse them?” Those around him replied, “No.” He continued, “I swear by Allah! Forgiveness is even easier for Allah than a man giving them a Daaniq.”
‘Abdullah ibn al Mubarak said, “I went to Sufyan al Thawree on the afternoon of the day of ‘Arafah and found him on his two knees with his eyes shedding tears and I began to cry. He turned to me and asked, “What is the matter?” I said, “Who is the worst in this gathering?” He said, “Someone who thinks that Allah will not forgive them.”
Thus it is imperative for the Muslim desirous of profiting on this blessed day to be humble, submissive, and remorseful before his Lord, hoping for His mercy and forgiveness, fearing His wrath and punishment, repentant to Him from all sins which his hands earned him or his feet may have led him to, not wasting his time on this auspicious occasion by wandering here and there or talking about random things. Instead, he should devote himself to his Lord and Guardian, remembering and mentioning him, earnestly and humbly entreating Him and seeking His forgiveness.
-The Sahara Bloggers (Umm Saifullah)